Wines

Wine has a rich history dating back to around 6000 BC and is thought to have originated in areas now within the borders of Georgia and Iran. Wine probably appeared in Europe at about 4500 BC in what is now Bulgaria and Greece, and was very common in ancient Greece, Thrace and Rome. Wine has also played an important role in religion throughout history. The Greek god Dionysus and the Roman equivalent Bacchus represented wine, and the drink is also used in Christian and Jewish ceremonies such as the Eucharist and Kiddush.

Wine is an alcoholic beverage often made of fermented grape juice. The natural chemical balance of grapes is such that they can ferment without the addition of sugar, acid, enzymes or other nutrients. Wine is produced by fermenting crushed grapes using various types of yeast, which consumes the sugars found in the grapes, and converts them into alcohol. Different varieties of grapes and strains of yeasts are used depending on the types of wine being produced.

Wine is a popular and important beverage that accompanies and enhances a wide range of European and Mediterranean-style cuisines, from the simple and traditional to the most sophisticated and complex. Wine is important in cuisine not just for its value as a beverage, but as a flavour agent, primarily in stocks and braising, since its acidity lends balance to rich, savoury or sweet dishes. Red, white and sparkling wines are the most popular, and are known as light wines because they have only 10-14% alcohol-content by volume. Aperitif and dessert wines contain 14-20% alcohol, and are sometimes fortified to make them richer and sweeter.

Bubbly

“I drink it when I’m happy and when I’m sad. Sometimes I drink it when I’m alone. When I have company I consider it obligatory. I trifle with it if I’m not hungry and drink it when I am. Otherwise, I never touch it unless I’m thirsty.”

– Madame Jacques Bollinger 1961

Champagne is a sparkling wine produced by inducing the in-bottle secondary fermentation of the wine to effect carbonation. It is produced exclusively within the Champagne region of France, from which it takes its name. Through International treaty and national law, most countries limit the use of the term to only those wines that come from the Champagne appellation. In South Africa this method of producing sparkling wine is called Method Cap Classique and like Champagne, we use mostly Chardonnay and Pinot Noir. But other varietals can be used. 

Champagne Bollinger Rose’ NV                                 1650

Moët en Chandon Champagne Nectar NV               1200

Champagne Nicolas Feuilatte Brut                            950

Krone Borealis MCC 2013                                            280

Simonsig Kaapse Vonkel Brut / Rose                        245/40

Krone Night Nectar  MCC 2015                                  230

 

Sauvignon Blanc

Related to the Cabernet varieties, Sauvignon Blanc is often blended with Semillon where it shows its class in great dessert wines or the dry Graves Bordeaux. Wines made from Sauvignon Blanc alone first appeared in the Loire (France) in Sancerre, which reveal the aromas of blackcurrants and gooseberries, and have a fresh acidity combined with inimitable mineral overtones. When harvested early, Sauvignon Blanc develops grassy, vegetal aromas (e.g. green pepper). There are many varied styles here in South Africa, where most have “green” notes combined with guava or gooseberries.

 

Reyneke Reserve 2015                                                    435

Fryer’s Cove “Bamboes Bay” 2015                                270

Bouchard Finlayson reserve 2015                                260

Iona 2015                                                                           245

Ataraxia 2016                                                                    185/ 46

Morgenster Nu Series 1. 2015                                        180

Sophie (Iona) 2015                                                           170 / 42                    

 

White Blends

Single white cultivars can at times be criticised for being too linear and one dimensional, especially when paired with complex food. Blended white wines offer the discerning wine drinker a deeper, intense and rewarding experience. The wines below have been specially selected to complement augment the unique cuisine at Market.

Sijnn 2012                                                                          375

Nitida “Coronata” 2014                                                   285

Adoro Naude  2009                                                          260

Reyneke Organic 2016                                                     150 / 38

Ken Forrester Petit Semi-Sweet NV                              140 / 35

 

Chardonnay

Originating in Burgundy where it produces such contrasting wines as the mineral-tasting Chablis and the multifaceted, mouth-filling Montrachet. Chardonnay has conquered the world and the reason for this is its adaptability in terms of climate, soil and methods of wine making. It is also better suited than any other white grape to vinification and maturation in barrels. Chardonnay has no real distinctive aromas due to its many varied styles. In South Africa maybe “tropical fruit” would be the common description with butteriness if left on the lees and caramel, toasty or vanilla when oaked.

Jordan Nine Yards 2013                                                  680   

Glen Carlou Quartz Stone 2014                                      585

Journey’s End Destination 2014                                    395    

Glen Carlou (Unwooded) 2015                                       200

Journeys End Haystack 2015                                          160 / 40

Anura 2016                                                                         140 / 35

 

Chenin Blanc

This great French variety from the Anjou in the Loire has two distinctive characteristics: it has a high natural acidity and is susceptible to Botrytis. Depending on the vintage, ripeness and the intentions of the grower, Chenin can produce a whole spectrum of different wines, from sparkling, through to bone dry, to wines, which have extremely concentrated residual sugars and age well. In SA Chenin is the most planted variety and used for wine across the whole spectrum. Like Chardonnay it also works particularly well with vinification and maturation in barrels.

Ken Forrester “The FMC” 2013                                      670

DeMorgenzon Reserve  2014                                          450

Jean Daniel Signature 2013                                            295

Arendsig 2015                                                                    250

Cederberg 2016                                                                  190

Leeuwenkuil 2016                                                             140 / 35

 

Viognier

Viognier was once fairly common. Now it is a rare white grape grown almost exclusively in the northern Rhône regions of France. In 1965, the grape was almost extinct when there were only eight acres in Northern Rhône, producing only 1900 litres of wine. The popularity and price of the wine have risen and thus the number of plantings has increased, even internationally including South Africa. Can be “oily” when picked late but think floral perfume and fruit. Almost always wooded.

Lismore ( The age of Grace ) 2015                                 275

Creation 2016                                                                     240

 

Pinot Grigio

Also known as Pinot Gris, Grauburgunder, and Rulander, this is a robust relative of Pinot Noir and has greyish-pink tinted grapes which require deep soils. In Alsace, Austria and Germany it produces Spätlese and Auslese wines which are frequently of the highest quality, full of extractions and extremely rich with delicate spiciness but little acidity. It is currently enjoying its popularity as Pinot Grigio, which is primarily grown in the northern regions of Italy where its high yields are made into a light, neutral white wine. Here in South Africa it is relatively rare and similar in style to Northern Italy. Great for a summer lunch.

 Terra Del Capo 2016                                                        150

 

Semillon

An essential white grape of Bordeaux, Semillon is a golden-berried goddess, producing some of the longest-lasting white wines ever made. It’s the pride and joy of certain wine areas. The grape is a heavier grape with low acids and an almost oily texture. The great dry white wines of Bordeaux are made with up to 100% Semillon.

Steenberg 2010                                                                   395

Cape of Good Hope ( Laing ) 2012                                 260

 

Weisser Riesling

Weisser Riesling or Riesling originated in the Rhine region of Germany. An aromatic grape variety displaying flowery, almost perfumed aromas as well as high acidity. It is used to make dry, semi-sweet, sweet and sparkling white wines. Riesling wines are usually pure varietals and are seldom oaked.  Riesling is a variety which is highly “terroir-expressive” meaning that the character of Riesling wines is clearly influenced by the wine’s place of origin.

Paul Cluver 2015                                                                  215

 

Rosé /Blush

A rosé (from French: rosé, ‘pinkish’) wine has some of the colour typical of a red wine, but only enough to turn it pink. The pink colour can range from a pale orange to a vivid near purple, depending on the grapes and winemaking techniques. In South Africa there are mainly two methods to create rosé wines, namely limiting red grape skin contact when fermenting or blending red with white wine. The latter method is discouraged in most winemaking regions internationally. Historically rose was quite a delicate, dry wine but it did go through a fashionably sweeter stage from the late 1970s in the United States to everywhere else into the 1990s. Rosé is now moving, albeit slowly, back to its origins in style.

Pierre Jourdan Tranquille 2015                                     140 / 35

Hermanuspietersfontein   2016                                      150 / 38

 

Red Blends

Blending different cultivars of red grapes gives the wine maker unrestricted freedom to create beautiful wine. The idea here is to create a wine that is bigger that the mere sum of its parts.

In South Africa blended red wines are mostly put into three main categories: Bordeaux Styled Blends, Rhône Styled Blends and Cape Blends. Wines that do not fit into any of these can be described as New World Style.

Bordeaux Styled Blends – usually driven by Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot. They can include one or all of the following components: Cabernet Franc, Malbec and Petit Verdot.

Mveve & Raats 2014                                                          1650

De Toren Fusion V 2013                                                   725

De Toren Z 2013                                                                 500

Glen Carlou Grand Classique 2013                                 320

Reyneke Cornerstone 2012                                              315  

Mulderbosch Faithful Hound 2014                               290

Provenance Rooi (Saronsberg) 2013                             270

Hermanus Posmeerster 2016                                         160/ 40

 

Rhône Styled Blends more often than not, are a blend of at least two of the complementing cultivars: Shiraz, Mourvedre, Viogner or Grenache amongst others.

Idiom SMV 2008                                                               390

Chocolate Block 2015                                                       385

Luddite Saboteur 2014                                                     340

Iona One Man Band 2009                                               400

Journeys End ‘ The huntsman’ 2015                             160 / 40

 

Cape BlendsThey can be a blend of any two or more grape varieties in any ratio. The only requirement is that just short of one third of the wine is made up of the unique and proudly South African Pinotage.

Martin Meinert Synchronicity 2010                             570

Warwick Three Cape Ladies 2013                                 320

L’Avenir Far & Near 2014                                               175

 

New World Styleoften, crossing boundaries intrigues wine makers. Therefore it is not uncommon to create Bordeaux Styled Blends with a splash of Shiraz. The below are wines which do not fit the normal profile.

Sijnn 2009                                                                          480

Post House Pennny Black 2014                                     295

Hartenberg Cabernet Sauvignon/Shiraz 2013           160/ 40

Post House Bluish Black 2015                                        150/ 38        

 

Cabernet Sauvignon

Cabernet Sauvignon became internationally recognised through its prominence in Bordeaux wines where it is often blended with Merlot and Cabernet Franc. Today it is the most widely planted red wine grape in South Africa. Good Cabernet wines are dark red, smell of cedar, tobacco and blackcurrants, have considerable body and a firm structure and age very well in oak, which has a softening effect on the grape’s naturally high tannins. This variety flourishes in warmer climates, delivering high quality varietal wines in South Africa, California, Australia and Chile.

Glen Carlou “Gravel Quarry” 2011                                  650           

Martin Meinert 2013                                                          265

Arendsig 2015                                                                      230

Warwick “First Lady” 2014                                               155 / 38

 

Zinfandel

Zinfandel is a variety of red grape planted in over 10 percent of Californian vineyards. DNA fingerprinting revealed that it is genetically equivalent to the Croatian grape Crljenak Kaštelanski, and also the Primitivo variety traditionally grown in the “heel” of Italy where it was introduced in the 1700s. The grapes typically produce a robust red wine, the taste of which depends on the ripeness of the grapes. Red berry fruits like raspberry predominate in wines from cooler areas, whereas blackberry, anise and pepper notes are more common in wines made in warmer areas. There are very few plantings in South Africa but good examples do exist.

Idiom 2012                                                                          385

 

Shiraz

This superb variety from the northern Rhône in France has found success throughout the world. It delivers full-bodied, hefty wines that have excellent tannins and complex aromas, including violets, black cherries, wild herbs, liquorice, hummus and various spices. It is an early ripener and has recently gained good ground in South Africa.

Luddite 2011                                                                      575

Iona Solace 2014                                                               520

Journey’s End Griffin 2012                                            420

Tamboerskloof 2013                                                        320

Raka Biography 2012                                                      250 

Provenance 2014                                                              225

 

Merlot

This highly productive variety is suitable both for single varietal wines or blending with stronger, more tannic grapes. Traditionally the best results with Merlot are achieved in France, in the Bordeaux region where Merlot is blended with Cabernet Sauvignon (also Cabernet Franc, Malbec and Petit Verdot). These combinations produce long-lived wines of extremely high quality. Merlot is fruity, velvety and matures faster than Cabernet and has lately attracted International attention in varietal form especially here in South Africa. Some of the fruit notes commonly associated with Merlot include cassis, black and red cherries, blackberry, plum and blueberry. Vegetable and earthy notes include black and green olives, bell pepper, fennel, leather, rhubarb and tobacco. Floral and herbal notes commonly associated with Merlot include green and black tea, eucalyptus, mint, oregano, pine, rosemary, sage, sarsaparilla and thyme. When Merlot has spent significant time in oak, the wine may show notes of caramel, chocolate, coconut, coffee bean, dill weed, mocha, molasses, smoke, vanilla and walnut.

Shannon Mount Bullet 2012                                          580

Anura Reserve 2014                                                         240    

Morgenster NU Series 1. 2013                                       160

Kleine Zalze 2015                                                             155 / 38

 

Pinotage

A 1920s South African inspired cross between Pinot Noir and Cinsaut (Hermitage). It is made in a range of styles, from simply fruity to ambitious, well oaked examples. Best known for its earthy flavour

Moreson ‘ The Widow Maker ‘ 2013                            365

Kaapzicht 2013                                                                 245

L ’Avenir Provenance 2014                                            230

 

Pinot Noir

Pinot Noir is responsible for the famous red wines of France’s Cote d’Or, and plays an important role in the Champagne region. Pinot Noir is grown almost in every wine-making country and is one of the most challenging red grape varieties for a grower, since it requires a low yield and the utmost care during vinification to produce wines of convincing quality. In the broadest terms, the wine tends to be of light to medium body with an aroma reminiscent of black cherry, raspberry or currant. Traditional red Burgundy is famous for its fleshy, ‘farmyard’ aromas, but changing fashions and new easier-to-grow clones have favoured a lighter, fruitier style

Haute Cabriere 2013                                                       400

Oak Valley (Elgin) 2013                                                  380

Whalehaven 2010                                                            360    

 

Other Niche Varietals

Some less common red grape varieties used in many wine regions today include Aglianico, Barbera, Cabernet Franc, Gamay, Grenache, Nebbiolo, Sangiovese, and Tempranillo. These red grape varieties may not be as popular as Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah/Shiraz, and Zinfandel, but they shouldn’t be overlooked as they offer a unique drinking experience for the curious palate. Market is proud to offer some of these;

Idiom Barbera 900 series 2011                                   800

Sijnn Touriga nacional 2012                                       400          

Domaine De Deux Sangiovese 2013                          285

De Alexandria Muscat 2015                                         275

Arendsig Grenache 2016                                              230

Baleia Tempranillo 2014                                              220

Adoro Murvedre 2013                                                   230

 

Dessert Wines

There is no simple definition of a dessert wine.  Usually a dessert wine is considered to be any sweet wine drunk with a meal. Noble Rot is often responsible for a good dessert wine’s sweet complexity. It feeds only on the water in the grape and not on the sugar, thus leaving a miniscule amount of very complex and sweet juice behind in each grape. This leaves a beautiful juice for a wine maker to work with. Enjoy separately or with a dessert.

Vin de Constance  2008                                                950

Glen Carlou “The Welder” 2013                                  215 / 30

 

Port

Port wine (also known as Vinho do Porto, Porto, and often simply port) is typically a sweet, red wine, often served as a dessert wine, and comes in dry, semi-dry, and white varieties. The wine received its name, “port”, in the latter half of the 17th century from the seaport city of Porto at the mouth of the Douro River, where much of the product was brought to market or for export to other countries in Europe.

De Krans Cape Tawny NV                                            300/ 25

Allesverloren Vintage 2010                                          250/ 20

 

 

Contact Us

Tel: 031 309 8581

Email: info@marketrestaurant.co.za

Address:

40 Marriott (Gladys Mazibuko) Rd

Greyville

Durban

4001